Posts Tagged ‘ LED ’

PCOMP Final final project

After numerous revisions it’s finally finished.

physical computing

More or less. Working with small parts is very difficult especially with 30 gauge wire which is barely a thread and breaks easily which is one of the main problems I encountered with this project.

physical computing

The code is working great. But I may have crossed some wires that make the white array and yellow array stay on all the time. But the effect is there. I’m at a point where I don’t want to touch it anymore for fear that it may not work by noon today. I am honestly not satisfied with my work but the important part is I learned a lot with this project in terms of building and fabrication which I really need to work on.

Right now it’s all packed up in a box for transportation to the ITP floor. Thank you for a wonderful experience in Physical Computing.

physical computing

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PCOMP Final final project

After numerous revisions it’s finally finished.

physical computing

More or less. Working with small parts is very difficult especially with 30 gauge wire which is barely a thread and breaks easily which is one of the main problems I encountered with this project.

physical computing

The code is working great. But I may have crossed some wires that make the white array and yellow array stay on all the time. But the effect is there. I’m at a point where I don’t want to touch it anymore for fear that it may not work by noon today. I am honestly not satisfied with my work but the important part is I learned a lot with this project in terms of building and fabrication which I really need to work on.

Right now it’s all packed up in a box for transportation to the ITP floor. Thank you for a wonderful experience in Physical Computing.

physical computing

PCOMP Finals update

Dropped Processing. Dropped Temp sensor. Long live the Ultrasonic sensor.

I gave in and picked up the ultrasonic sensor. A quick jab at the library and pasted the same values I had for the temp and got it working.

PCOMP UPDATE

I initially used a central ground to reduce the cabling and copper tape to for the wiring. This was a mess. I switched to a thinner wire which meant re-soldering everything.

PCOMP UPDATE

Disaster strikes! A part of my arcylic falls off. Crazy glue to the rescue.

The good thing is that it works. Sort of.

PCOMP UPDATE

Still a way to go but a lot closer now.

PCOMP UPDATE

PCOMP UPDATE

Pampanga Lantern Weekend update

I decided not to fly out for Thanksgiving and instead work on my Physical Computing final project. I initially started out Thanksgiving by going through the Muppet Show episodes and getting the Open CV code to work.

My classmate Adria Navarro-Lopez suggested to use the OpenCV library instead of the Open Kinect to make things easier but sadly it was not. I got help from Lisa Park on installing the library and went to work. I got the OpenCV library to detect faces using the example of detecting faces and went through the code and send it out to the arduino via serial.

Processing code for face detection for some reason it only works on Processing 2.0a1 and not 2.0a4:

import processing.serial.;
import hypermedia.video.
;
import java.awt.Rectangle;

Serial myPort;
OpenCV opencv;

// contrast/brightness values
int contrastvalue    = 0;
int brightness
value  = 0;
String facesFound [];

void setup() {
  size(320, 240);
  println(Serial.list());
  //  String portName = Serial.list()[0];
  myPort = new Serial(this, Serial.list()[0], 9600);
  opencv = new OpenCV(this);
  opencv.capture(width, height);
  opencv.cascade( OpenCV.CASCADEFRONTALFACEALT );
}

public void stop() {
  opencv.stop();
  super.stop();
}

void draw() {

  // grab a new frame
  // and convert to gray
  opencv.read();
  opencv.convert( GRAY );
  opencv.contrast( contrastvalue );
  opencv.brightness( brightness
value );

  // proceed detection
  Rectangle[] faces = opencv.detect( 1.2, 2, OpenCV.HAARDOCANNY_PRUNING, 40, 40 );

  // display the image
  image( opencv.image(), 0, 0 );

  // draw face area(s)
  noFill();
  stroke(255, 0, 0);

  for ( int i=0; i<faces.length; i++ ) {
    rect( faces[i].x, faces[i].y, faces[i].width, faces[i].height );
  }
  //count number of faces and send to arduino
  println(faces.length);
  //facesFound=faces.length;
  // myPort.write(facesFound);
  myPort.write(faces.length);
}

/*
 
Changes contrast/brigthness values
 */
void mouseDragged() {
  contrastvalue   = (int) map( mouseX, 0, width, -128, 128 );
  brightness
value = (int) map( mouseY, 0, width, -128, 128 );
}

The main problem I encountered was stabilizing the response of the arduino, The LED would flicker in response and not exactly the way I wanted. But the code was running the way I wanted it. It was the same problem my media controller group had encounted with the blue LED.

Arduino code for receiving:

//arduino code for lantern
//Melissa dela Merced mdm532@nyu.edu

const int bluePin=11;
const int greenPin=10;
const int whitePin=9;
const int yellowPin= 6;
const int redPin= 5;

int value = 0;

void setup(){
  Serial.begin(9600);

  pinMode(redPin, OUTPUT); //red LED
  pinMode(yellowPin, OUTPUT); //yellow LED
  pinMode(whitePin,OUTPUT); // white LED
  pinMode(bluePin,OUTPUT); // blue LED
  pinMode(greenPin,OUTPUT);//green LED
}
void loop(){
 // if (Serial.available){
    int input = Serial.read();
  if (input == 0);
  {
    digitalWrite(bluePin, LOW);
    digitalWrite(redPin, LOW);
    digitalWrite(yellowPin, LOW);
    digitalWrite(whitePin, LOW);
    digitalWrite(greenPin,LOW);
  }

  if (input ==1){
    digitalWrite(bluePin, HIGH);
    /   Serial.write(input);
     for(value=0; value <=255; value++){
     analogWrite(bluePin, value);
     delay(10);
     }
/
  }
  /* else{
   digitalWrite(bluePin, LOW);
   digitalWrite(redPin, LOW);
   digitalWrite(yellowPin, LOW);
   digitalWrite(whitePin, LOW);
   digitalWrite(greenPin,LOW);
  
   }/
  if (input ==2){
    digitalWrite(bluePin,HIGH);
    digitalWrite(whitePin,HIGH);
  }
  /
else {
   digitalWrite(redPin, LOW);
   digitalWrite(yellowPin, LOW);
   digitalWrite(whitePin, LOW);
   }*/
}
void establishContact() {
  while (Serial.available() <= 0) {
    Serial.println(“hello”);   // send a starting message
    delay(300);
  }
}

I’ll still work on this code next week. I probably just need a capacitor or something on the LEDs to smooth out the signals.

I took advantage of the O’Reilly book sales, I picked up a number of books, namely Making things Talk by NYU Professor Tom Igoe, Arduino Cookbook and the Making Arduino Bots and Gadgets. In between coding, I would either finish drilling the LED holes in my template and reading the three books. Insert the Steve Jobs bio by Walter Issacson for a little inspiration.

I even went through learning using the matrix if that would help.

pcompLED

I went through figuring the resistor array that I would have to build and found this great web site to even design the array for you.

 

But that didn’t help. So right before the Stanford-Notre Dame game on Saturday night, I went for the temp sensor. Using the temp sensor was stable and works like a charm. But the weather has been great today so the LED remains at the great weather reading.

In this scenario I’m using a RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor from Sparkfun . The RHT03 is similar to the DHT22 sensor so I installed the library made by github user nethoncho and it releases the temperature in celcius.

More to come.

pcompLED

Pampanga lantern – Physical Computing Final

 

Sooo my last idea didn’t exactly fly but that’s the way it is here. My classmates instead gave me better ideas to make this more interesting. One that resonated was suggested by Lisa Park that I should look at the work of installation artist Olafur Eliasson and his installation work in London called the Weather Project.

The Weather Project

This now inspired me to make something smaller using ordinary light bulbs and AC power. By using a servo motor to control an dimmer switch found at Lowes or Home Depot to control the brightness of the lamp.

I then started designing the lamp itself. By using 6 x 60w bulbs hanging overhead.

But then the lamp looked too ordinary. I felt like I could buy something in Ikea and it would still be better than anything I would make. I wanted to use a lamp that my family makes, but unfortunately none are in the country right now.

While talking to my brother and sister, they gave me the idea of using shells.

Photo by flickr user Beth (Nautilus Shell Studios) under a CC BY 2.0 License

Photo by flickr user Beth (Nautilus Shell Studios) under a CC BY 2.0 License

These are abundant in the Philippines but I don’t have the time to procure them at this time. I’m just making my sister bring a bunch that I can use for future project.

So then I finally settled on a Pampanga Lantern.

Photo by flickr user dementia under a BY-NA-SA-2.0 Creative Commons license.

The Pampanga lantern has Christian significance. A spin off of the more traditional “parol” or Christmas lantern, this symbolizes the star that led the three wise men to the Baby Jesus. This version is made from the Province of Pampanga in the Philippines and is only manufactured for the holidays. Each array of lights are controlled in a sequence and a parade is held every year displaying various designs from different provinces. These can lanterns can be from the size of a plate to twenty feet. The one displayed here took a year to make.


As far as I know, they don’t use Arduinos to power this.

So now I’ve decided to make mine a lantern.

I wanted to make it the traditional way by using either stiff wire or wood to build the frame and wrap paper around it. But after an afternoon of bending wire to my will, I was quickly frustrated at the slow pace and difficulty in handling 16 gauge wire. While at chuch I had the insanely great idea of using a laser cutter. DUH!

So an afternoon of hanging in the shop and talking to Tak Cheung and Oya Kosebay gave great fabrication ideas on how to build it.

I went home and designed the pattern on illustrator for the laser cutter and came up with this.

A Saturday trip to Canal Plastics and picked me up a 1/8″ 1′ x 2′ acrylic sheet of transparent plastic and headed to the lab where Jackson and Michael Columbo helped with the laser cutter as well as conforming my pattern to the laser cutter. For future reference laser people, make sure your design is inside the 1′ x 2′ dimension of the material/ laser cutter. Like really in there with a border. Think of it as a safe area.

After roughly an hour.

Now the holes I originally designed were too small now for LEDs to pass through so I has to use a hand drill with a 1/8″ bit for the LED pins to fit through. Lesson learned. But at the same thing it gave me practice on using a hand drill while watching PAC12 footbal over the weekend. Go Trojans!!

Now for the wiring and / programming part. I’m planning to use copper tape and the wiring board in a separate device which will hang from the ceiling and basically just keep the lights on the board. I’ve etched the colors as well and will use paper to cover it and diffuse the light. Think of it like the USS Enterprise saucer section but hanging on the wall.

Photo copywright of Paramount Pictures

I’m thinking of being able to switch between two sensors or one or whichever works. I’m currently in possesion of the humidity and temperature sensor RHT03 from sparkfun instead of a thermistor. Using a wonderful library available on the arduino website it maps the RHT03 the same way. It’s technically a digital sensor so it’s pretty much straightforward.

To measure person presence, an infrared sensor would be perfect but I’ve spent my money on LEDs then the kinect happened.

Yes the Xbox Kinect that was once a toy and now a hackers device and something I already have. I just plan on using processing to get the serial data from the IR cam of the kinect using the Open Kinect library since I don’t really need to map out a person at this time over the OpenNI library and send that data to the arduino to measure people presence.

The other option is to use the current data that I’m getting from my ICM project final which gets the weather from the Yahoo Weather API and send it serial to the arduino.

It’s something to work on the holidays before the big cruch for December. Hopefully I’ll be finished with most of this weekend and Happy Holidays!

 

 

Under pressure

Named after that song from Queen, now I have to program the arduino to recognize an analog input. Meaning, it’s not just as simply flipping a switch. This requires and entirely different mindset.

pcomp

Using a knobthingy commonly known as a “potentiometer”, it allows the light to switch on once you turn it past a certain point. Notice that the potentiometer does not use a resistor and is an exception to the rule.

Now I wanted to control the intensity of the LED using a light sensor. So I ended up with this. It still needs a bit of tweaking on the range the sensor recognizes but it more or less captures the desired result.

I’m still working on two LEDs and two pressure sensors.

pcomp

Christmas lights

There’s satisfaction to be had in watching lights blink especially when those lights turn on by your command.

greenredlight

The code is relatively simple enough now that I’ve had the weekend to digest the meaning of all these pins and ports.

//double lights green light and red light
void setup(){
pinMode(3,INPUT); //SWITCH
pinMode(5,OUTPUT);
pinMode(4,OUTPUT);
}
void loop(){
// if (digitalRead(3) == true) {
digitalWrite(5,true);
digitalWrite(4,false);
delay(500);
//}
// else {
digitalWrite(5, false);
digitalWrite(4, true);
delay (500);
// }
}

Using the same setup but different program and allowing the “if”s and “else” commands, this tells the chip to perfrom an action that will respond differently. In this case, when the switch is pressed the light will either be switched between red and green.

Feeling a little bold, I added more lights.

Trying something out

I wanted to get the switch to cascade the lights using the code below but it seemed that it wasn’t reacting to the switch and thus acting on switching the lights on it’s own. I’ll work on it some more.

//christmas lights
void setup(){
pinMode(9,INPUT); //SWITCH
pinMode(2,OUTPUT);
pinMode(3,OUTPUT);
pinMode(4,OUTPUT);
pinMode(5,OUTPUT);
pinMode(6,OUTPUT);
pinMode(7,OUTPUT);
// pinMode(8,OUTPUT);
}
void loop(){
if (digitalRead(9) == true && digitalRead(2) ==true){
digitalWrite (2, true);
delay(1000);
digitalWrite (3, true);
delay(1000);
digitalWrite (4, true);
delay(1000);
digitalWrite (5, true);
delay(1000);
digitalWrite (6, true);
delay(1000);
digitalWrite (7, true);
delay(1000);
// digitalWrite (8, true);
//  delay(1000);
//digitalWrite (8, false);
//delay(1000);
digitalWrite (7, false);
delay(1000);
digitalWrite (6, false);
delay(1000);
digitalWrite (5, false);
delay(1000);
digitalWrite (4, false);
delay(1000);
digitalWrite (3, false);
delay(1000);
digitalWrite (2, false);
}
}